The Nuclear Program of Iran
Iran’s nuclear program became a central issue on the international community, which follows the disclosure of its two previously unreported nuclear facilities that was on August 2002. Their two facilities which is the uranium enrichment plant located at Natanz as well as the heavy water reactor based on Arak have possible nuclear weapon applications.
Negotiations that were made between Western countries and also by Iran started in August 2002, which failed in producing long term solutions. Following with the made negotiations by the EU-3, which is France, Germany as well as the UK in October 2003, Iran later on agreed on suspending all of their uranium enrichment activities. Also, the EU-3 then acknowledge the nuclear rights of Iran and they promised in supplying Iran with its modern technology after it provided an assurance to the international community about the nature of the nuclear program.
Suspensions on the enrichment activity lasted in June 2005, after on its election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad where Iran resumed its uranium enrichment where you could see more here.
For almost the same time, EU-3 offered Iran its different benefits as a return of its permanent cessation on the uranium enrichment as well as other activities that are related with its possible nuclear weapon applications. As the addition on its unpublished economic and political side, Iras as supposed to be provided with guaranteed supply of nuclear fuel and also an assurance of its non aggression from the EU. However, Iran had rejected such offer and the Iranian nuclear officials considers this very insulting as well as humiliating.
Both EU and US made their move in having the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to refer Iran towards the United Nations Security Council for its possible sanctions.
In September 2009, Iran actually informed IAEA on the second uranium enrichment facility that’s still under construction near from the city of Qom. Britain, France as well as US issued a joint statement which argues about the disclosure of their secret facility, which they say is a growing concern about the nuclear program of Iran. But, Iran claimed that it was not required to inform IAEA about their new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA also states that the delay of Iran submitting the information towards the agency does not contribute towards the building of confidence.
After its revelation, Iran likewise attended on the negotiations on its representatives from the permanent members of the UNSC and the IAEA. After the talks, the IAEA then provided Iran with draft deals which sees Iran ships on the majority of the low-enriched uranium to Russia about their further enrichment and the fuel returned to Iran for the use of medical research as well as for cancer treatment. Iran likewise proposed changes on the draft agreement, which was then rejected by the P5+1 and the deal then went to nowhere.